What is the Novel Coronavirus?

By Miamia 2020-03-03

The Novel Coronavirus is spreading all over China, and now it goes viral even around the world. For you to better understand what's the Novel Coronavirus, we have gathered some information and would like to share with you in this post.




What is the virus causing illness in Wuhan?

It is a member of the coronavirus family that has never been encountered before. Now, this flu-like coronavirus is named as COVID-19 announced by WHO. The CO stands for corona, the VI for virus and the D for disease.
Like other coronaviruses, it has come from animals. Many of those initially infected either worked or frequently shopped in the Huanan seafood wholesale market in the centre of the Chinese city, which also sold live and newly slaughtered animals.


Have there been other Coronaviruses?

New and troubling viruses usually originate in animal hosts. Ebola and flu are other examples – severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) and Middle Eastern respiratory syndrome (MERS) are both caused by coronaviruses that came from animals. In 2002, Sars spread virtually unchecked to 37 countries, causing global panic, infecting more than 8,000 people and killing more than 750. Mers appears to be less easily passed from human to human, but has greater lethality, killing 35% of about 2,500 people who have been infected.


What are the symptoms caused by the Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19)?

The virus causes pneumonia. Those who have fallen ill are reported to suffer coughs, fever and breathing difficulties. In severe cases there can be organ failure. As this is viral pneumonia, antibiotics are of no use. The antiviral drugs we have against flu will not work. If people are admitted to hospital, they may get support for their lungs and other organs as well as fluids. Recovery will depend on the strength of their immune system. Many of those who have died were already in poor health.


Is the virus being transmitted from one person to another?

Human to human transmission has been confirmed by China’s national health commission, and there have been human-to-human transmissions in the US and in Germany. As of 3 March, the death toll has climbed to 2,947 in mainland China. There are 90,932 confirmed cases around the world, with 80,302 being in mainland China. The mortality rate stands at about 3.6%.

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